Auditory processing disorder (APD) can occur in isolation but it frequently occurs with other difficulties or disorders. Sometimes APD turns out to be the underlying cause of undiagnosed learning disabilities.
APD commonly occurs with specific language impairment and reading disorders including dyslexia.
Auditory processing, language and reading are neurologically entwined. Difficulties with auditory processing can affect phonological processing, the ability to recognise and interpret phonemes, the elements of spoken language. Impairment of phonological processing in turn affects language and reading development.
Auditory processing difficulties are commonly seen in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
The auditory processing difficulties are a consequence of changes in the brain due to the ASD.
Children with global developmental delay may show difficulties with auditory processing
as a consequence of the developmental delay.
APD can co-occur with attention problems, i.e., Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
According to one research study, speech pronunciation difficulties may be more common in children with APD than in typically developing children.
Our clinical experience is that many children with APD also show signs of difficulties with visual processing.
Irrespective of cause, treatment is warranted, though results may be affected by any co-occurring disorder.
When testing children at SoundSkills we take into account other areas of difficulty and factors such as attention, memory, language, and cognitive ability. Observations from parents, school teachers and other professionals involved with the child are important and are taken into consideration in our evaluation. We recognise that other difficulties and disorders do not preclude a child from also having auditory processing difficulties. At SoundSkills APD Clinic we endeavour to help all children, irrespective of their other difficulties. Our specialist team of audiologists, speech language therapist, and Education Advisers evaluate individual needs and tailor treatment programmes to suit.